More than 30 years after lifting Martial Law in 1987, Taiwan has emerged as an established constitutional democracy in the Asia-Pacific region. Yet, the grievances caused in the country’s authoritarian past still lingers in the present as the government and society try to find transitional justice for those who have suffered under that dark period of the island’s history. Transitional justice—which links the past to the present—remains unsettled and has contributed to a divided society. These issues are presenting new challenges to the further development of Taiwan’s constitutional democracy. To address how the development of transitional justice shapes constitutionalism and democracy in Taiwan, this panel discussed what transitional justice measures have been undertaken; why some transitional justice measures have failed and their impact on human rights and democracy in Taiwan; and what are the obstacles and opportunity for transitional justice as Taiwan moves toward democratic consolidation. The Global Taiwan Institute presented the research findings of its Civil Society and Democracy Visiting Fellow Dr. Yi-Li Lee, with eminent scholar Dr. Richard Bush of the Brookings Institution serving as the discussant. Dr. Lee’s presentation was followed by comments from Ms. Yi-chen Lo of Harvard Law School who shared some Taiwan youth perspectives on transitional justice.